40 Hadith Nawawi: 3rd Hadith ( 11th April, 2013 )

 In the name of Allah
Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu
Here is the explaination of 3rd hadith from the book "40 Hadith of Nawawi" taught by teacher Reda every Tuesaday 10:00pm Egypt time.


Abu 'Abdu-Rahman 'Abdullah bin 'Umar bin Al-Kbattab (may Allah be pleased wilh both of them) narrated, I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, 'Islam is based on five (pillars): testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, performing prayer, giving alms, performing pilgrimage, and observing the fast (during the month) of Ramadan.'Recorded by Al-Bukhaiy and Muslim. About the Narrator: 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) was born one year before the Prophet's mission. He converted to Islam in Mecca with his father 'Umar or little before him and he was a true Muslim. As a young man, he migrated with the Immigrants. Lesson Deduced Creedal lessons: Islam is founded on these principles; consequently there is no value in embracing Islam while denying any or some of them. These principles derive their existence and keep their essence from the strength of the first principle; namely the Testimony of Faith, and they are considered to be the cornerstones of ah the other principles- From here, we can deduce that it is a Muslim's duty to adhere to all of them and hold them in his heart. He has to keep them safe and pure from all traces of polytheism (and we seek refuge with Allah from those). The nature of any building's existence is assured by not just building it on any land, first of all the solidarity of its base has to be certain. It must be strong and firm from all directions, in order not to shake and collapse in one side and before being, used it has to be cleaned and polished. It is useless for someone to offer the prayer while having a trace of polytheism
or infidelity in his heart. This is why all the good deeds and acts of righteousness that are done by the non-believers do them no good, for they are based on thin ice. Allah, the Exalted and Ever Majestic says, which means, "And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust." (Al-Furqan, 25; 23) And Allah, the Exalted says, which means, "Is the one, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and His Good Pleasure better or The one who laid the foundation of his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the cruel, violent; proud and wrong-doer).(Al-Tawbah, 9M09) All the jurists agree that the one who denies the obligation of performing the prayers is a disbeliever, but they differ concerning the judgment pertaining to the one who leaves them intentionally, the one who refuses to perform them out of laziness and negligence (as many people do) not out of disbelief in its obligation. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ishaq, and Ibn Al-Mubarak said that he is a disbeliever, whereas the majority of Muslim scholars both the early and contemporary ones, including Imam Malik, Ash-Shafi'y, and Abu Hanifah with his disciples, say he is disobedient and not a disbeliever. a- Those supporting the first opinion present the following hadith in evidence: {i) jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah (peace he upon him) said, '(What is) between a man and disbelief is abandoning (the performance of) the prayers." (ii) 'Abdullah bin Shaqiq Al-'Uqaily reported, "The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him} considered nothing to be disbelief except abandoning (the performance of) the prayers. (Hi) 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) once mentioned the prayer and said, "Whosoever guards it strictly, it will be his guiding light (in the grave), and his
evidence and his salvation on the Day of Resurrection. And whosoever does not guard it, it will not be a guiding light, evidence, or salvation for him. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be (gathered in the Hellfire) with Qarun (Korah), Fir'awn (Pharaoh), Haman, and Ubay bin Khalaf." b- As for the majority of scholars, they took the word 'disbelief as meaning 'severely and reprovingly,' This means that the acts of the one who abandons (the performance of) the prayers are similar to those of the disbelievers, and it is not true disbelief. This opinion is generally supported by the following: (i) 'Ubadah bin As-Smit narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, 'Whoever testifies that there is no god but Allah, that He has no partner, that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, that Isa (Jesus, peace be upon him) is His Servant and Word ('Be' - and he was) which He bestowed on Mariam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him, and that Paradise and Hellfire are real, Allah will admit him to Paradise, whatever deeds he might be doing.(ii) Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said while having someone (Mu'ath bin Jabal} sitting behind him on his mount, 'O Mu'ath/ He replied, "O Messenger of Allah! Here I am sincerely at your service," and he said it thrice. Then he (peace be upon him) said, 'There is none who testifies sincerely that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is his Messenger, except Allah will save him from the Hellfire. He said, "O Messenger of Allah! Shall I inform the people so they have the glad tidings?" He said, 'Then, they will depend (on it)." Mu'ath informed others about it after his (peace be upon him) death for fear of being a sinner (i.e. for concealing knowledge).
Juristic Lessons: "Performing the prayer..," This phrase does not imply just offering the prayers, but it means guarding them strictly, committing oneself to them totally, and guarding the supererogatory practices in addition to the main obligations. All these things lead to offering them perfectly with purity, sincerity of intention, serenity, and tranquility. This way one saves himself from being among those whom Allah threatens, saying, which means, "So woe unto those performers of (prayers) (hypocrites), who delay their (prayer) from their stated fixed times/ (Af-Ma'Gn, 107: 4-5) Educationnl Lessons: 'Islam is based..." When a scholar or speaker wants to convey his message, he has to take into account the differences between and the variety among his audience. People have different ways of thinking and understanding. If he uses an orator's way of speaking to them, he may lead the common people to misunderstand some words and thereby have some doubts regarding their religion and creed- Let him use illustrations and examples when dealing with abstract ideas to make them easier for the audience to understand. This way everyone will be able to comprehend the ideas. It is hard to conceive of these concepts quickly, and unless one is eloquent enough he will not succeed in conveying his ideas. Political lessons: 1. Islam regards the prayer, which is a bodily form of worship, as one pillar and alms giving which is a financial form of worship, as another pillar. The pilgrimage, which is a compound form of both of them, is another pillar among the lofty pillars of Islam. This consideration clearly indicates that this religion
cannot be established completely except through keeping all its pillars together in unity. Thus, if someone claims that he performs the prayer and that this compensates for the other pillars of Islam, he is destroying the religion, ruining its pillars, and is a negligent cheater. His prayer does not compensate for him not fasting, or not giving alms, if he possesses the minimum amount of property liable for its payment, or for not performing pilgrimage, if he meets the conditions for it. From this we can conclude that the law of Islam is to be taken as a whole; as our religion is integrated, it cannot be divided. For this reason, the Qur'an criticizes those who believe in some parts of it and leave other parts in the following verse: which means, "Then do you believe in s part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what Is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do." {Al-Baqarah, 2:35) This is exactly what some Islamic sects and Muslims' leaders do nowadays. They adopt some aspects of Islam that will not remove them from their positions of superiority; like for example the system of personal law, and performing Friday Prayers and the Feast Prayers- This diverts attention from and justifies them taking the West as a model with its capitalism or communism, as well as its laws and principles that contradict our values, morals, and faith. Thus, when the deniers begin to deny this and me voices of the advisers are raised, their mouths are immediately closed with iron fetters. Then, the hypocrites praise the piety of 'His Majesty' or 'His Excellency' because he is keen on performing the rituals of Friday Prayer in front of the bright lights and
cameras. As for the alms giving, this is left to personal initiatives and individual beliefs, although at the same time the taxes are collected regularly and meticulously. We no longer witness the zeal and power of the first Muslim caliph Abu Bakr, (may Allah be pleased with him) who tackled this issue saying, "By Allah! I would fight against whoever differentiates between establishing the obligatory prayer and paying the obligatory alms; verily, by my Lord, it is a grave apostasy. 2. The Islamic call is clear, its aims are plain, and the all the foundations of the Islamic structure are available to the whole world; known by their protectors and their enemies. If any system, organization, or group declares itself honestly and clarifies its strategy as Islam does, it is because there is no obscurity in it, and there is nothing to be hidden. Our call is as clear as the rising sun whose rays shine on the whole world, except on (those who thrust their fingers in their ears. At this time, there are some humanitarian charitable organizations being established and they are giving themselves an innocent appearance, while in fact they are like a gate. Inside they appear like a mercy while outside there is a torment, but they have not declared their real aims and they do not reveal their natural fangs until they steal a persons' will and a nations' freedom. They follow a plan of keeping silent until they have taken all that they want. What is said about them is also being said about some Islamic sects and movements that hold deviant opinions and do not reveal them, except to those loyal to them. If they did, they would shock people with their contradictions to the Muslim nation's ideas. In this way, they do not reveal for example their doctrines concerning incarnation, their attitudes pertaining to fighting in the Cause of Allah, or their judging the disobedient ones as atheists, until they are convinced of your loyalty. Hadith in Practice I hold the Islamic nation as a whole responsible for the assaults of the western crusaders upon us and their contempt of all that is sacred. It was the Islamic
nation itself that created an abundance of reasons for disgrace and neglected the reasons of glorification; I also hold it responsible for the decline of the Islamic caliphate. The enemies did not start the destruction of the Islamic structure of society and did not bring the caliphate down, Muslims did that by themselves. They destroyed the religious principles, monotheism, prayers, commanding the right, forbidding the wrong, alms giving, and many other principles, Allah says, which means, 'Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up (the prayer) (i.e., made their (prayer) to be lost, either by no) offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.). (Maryiam, 19: 59)


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