40 Hadith an-Nawawi: 10th Hadith ( 20th June, 2013)

In the name of Allah
Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

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Hadith 10
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, The Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said, 'Verily! Allah is God and He therefore accepts
only that which is good. And Allah commands the believers as He
commands the messengers by saying,
which means, '0 (you) Messengers! Eat of the all kinds of
 legal foods which Allah has made legal (meat of slaughtered eatable
animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds.'
And He says, which means, '0 you who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic
Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with.-
He (the Prophet, peace be upon him) then made mention of a person who travels widely, his hair is disheveled and he is covered with dust. He (this person) lifts his hand toward heaven (and thus makes the supplication), '0 Lord, 0 Lord,' whereas his diet is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothes are
unlawful, and his nourishment is unlawful. How then can his supplication
ever be answered?"
(Recorded by Muslim)
Lessons Deduced
Creedal Lessons:
"Verily! Allah is God and He therefore accepts only that which is good."
Allah, the Exalted, is far above all blemishes. Glorified and High be our Lord from nonexistence, destruction, extinction, need, resemblance to His creatures, partnership with anyone, disability, aversion, ignorance, death, deafness, muteness, and blindness. It is Impossible for any of these things to occur to Allah, as all the attributes of perfection are inherent in Him.
Allah only accepts good deeds. For He says, which means, To Him ascend (all) the goodly words and the righteous deeds exalt it.
A 'righteous deed' is that in which two elements should exist:
Firstly: It should be in accordance with the laws of Islam and not contradict any of its fundamentals.
Secondly: It should be done with the sincere intention of seeking the Countenance of Allah, the Exalted. Thus, the heart of the one doing the deed should not bear any traces of hypocrisy nor should he be seeking any repute, otherwise he will be intending other than seeking the Countenance of Allah, the Exalted and Ever-Majestic. This being the case the deed will not be regarded as a righteous one.
Behavioral Lessons:
Allah the Exalted says, which means, -0 you who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with." (AI.Baqarah, 2: 172)
a. Thus whoever wants to attain psychological serenity and an elevation of
his soul should start from the beginning of his life, i.e. from his early
childhood, eating that which is lawful, so that his organs may grow and his
body may be nourished with only lawful food. This will save his heart from
ever becoming hardened, instead his soul will be purified and his organs
will be motivated to perform whatever is good. It is narrated in a hadith
that (Moses, peace be upon him) passed by a man who stood
beseeching and imploring (Allah) for a long time, while looking at Moses
So Moses said, "0 Lord! May You answer Your servant?" Whereupon Allah,
the Exalted, inspired him saying, "0 Moses ( If he was to cry until his body
ailed or raise his hands until he reached heaven, I would not answer him."
He (Moses) said, ‘O Lord! Why is that? He said, ‘because is in his belly, on his back, and in his, house are unlawful?'
b. The one who has attained the lofty rank of carefully guarding himself gives up worldly pleasures and many of their lawful matters, not to mention their unlawful matters Also. This is in an endeavor to empty his belly as the saying goes "Gluttony takes away intelligence." By adhering to this, he
would be following the Prophetic saying in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "We are people who do not eat except when we are hungry, and when we eat, we never eat our fill."
Juristic Lessons:
'Verily! Allah is Good and He therefore accepts only that which is good?
a. A believer cannot get closer to his Lord through a sinful act or through unlawful money gained from theft or usury interest. Moreover, it is undesirable to give poor quality food in charity, or anything whose legality is doubted, as Allah the Exalted says which means, "And do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it...' (Al­Baqarah, 2: 276)
This is in addition to the fact that giving charity from money that is clearly illegal is unacceptable. Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, 'Neither does Allah accept a prayer without purification nor does He accept charity from ill-gotten gains.'"
The scholar Ahmad, may Allah be merciful to him, recorded in his
authentic book a prophetic saying in which Ibn Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, 'If a servant (of Allah) earns unlawful money and spends from it, it will never be blessed, and if he gives charity from it, it will never be accepted, and if he leaves it behind (when he dies), it will he his victuals in the Hellfire. Allah does not erase a bad (deed) with a bad (deed), but He erases a bad (deed) with a good (one). Verily, wickedness does not erase wickedness." Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) was asked about one who used to perform work in which he oppressed others and took money unlawfully, and then he repented and used his unlawful money to perform pilgrimage, free slaves, and give in charity. He said, "Verily, wickedness does not expiate wickedness." (i.e. good deeds carried out using unlawful money are not accepted by Allah).
But how can the repentance of a usurper, a usurer, or their like be accepted? Should they repent by disposing of all their money or just the amount of unlawful money that they took?
Our scholars said, as to the one who possesses unlawful money and wants to repent, if he took it in the form of usury (interest), he has to return it to the person from whom he took it, and he has to look for this person if he is not present. If he resigns himself to being unable to find him, he should give the money in charity. If he took the money unjustly, he has to do the same for the one whom he wronged. If he cannot distinguish the lawful from the unlawful in his property, he should be as careful as he can about the amount which he should return. In order to make sure that what is left is entirely his, he should return the money from the actual money that he took to the one whom he thinks he wronged or from whom he took the usurious interest. If he is unable to find the person, although he has tried, he should give the money in charity. If he has taken so much money unjustly that he cannot give it all back, his repentance is that he should give up all that he possesses to the poor or in whatever way serves the Muslims, but he should keep the amount that will Just suffice him to be properly dressed for prayer and to meet his everyday needs, as this is the
amount which he should take from others if he does not have it."
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) mentioned a person who travels widely and his hair was disheveled and he was covered with dust. From among the long journeys for worship is the journey for pilgrimage. Can pilgrimage be valid if made with unlawful money? The scholars of the religion disagree about one who travels for pilgrimage and similarly about one who performs prayer while wearing a stolen garment. Can these obligatory acts of worship be accepted from them or not? Most of the scholars say that the pilgrimage will suffice, but the person is sinful. The scholar Ibn Al-'Araby says, "Whoever fights in the Cause of Allah on a stolen horse shall have the reward of his martyrdom and the sin of his misdeed." The phrase, He (this person) lifts his hand toward heaven..." is an indication of the praised type of supplication which comprises the following: seeking the lawful, never asking for the unlawful, having a purified soul and heart, being sure that Allah will answer, beginning the supplication with praising Allah and extolling Him, and sending peace and blessings to the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Social Lessons:
'Verily' Allah is good and He therefore, accepts only that which is good."
Thus a true Muslim has to be good in his work and in dealing with his fellow Muslims, so he should not utter anything except that which is good, for he knows the power of words and what it- results from them. Allah, the Exalted, says, which means, 'See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? - A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high). Giving its fruit at all times, By the Leave of its Lord and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember. And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth having no stability.- (Ibrahim, 14: 24-26)
Thus, he is not to accompany or associate with people, except those who are good and righteous, for the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, "A person follows the religion of his companion, so every one of you should be careful about whom he associates with. And there is also the old saying, "Birds of a feather flock together.'
A good righteous believer should neither choose a pretty woman of inferior descent as a wife nor should he choose a very rich woman who has no morals, for his choice reflects his reality and directs the destination of his children. Allah, the Exalted, says, which means, "Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women), such (good people) are innocent of (each and every) bad state, which they say, for them is Forgiveness, and generous provision. (An-Nur, 24: 26)
The Exalted also says which means, The vegetation of a good land comes forth (easily) by file Permission of its Lord, and that which is bad, brings forth nothing but a little with difficulty.(Al-Araf, 7: 53)
Political lessons:
a. And Allah commands the believers as He commands the Messengers." This is so with regard to the prophets and messengers, so what about the rulers? Both rulers and subjects are equal as regards lawful and unlawful matters, thus, subjects cannot be ordered to do something from which their ruler was exempted.                                    A ruler is no more privileged than his subjects, unlike the way some of the rulers think nowadays who take their subjects as servants and their wealth as spoils. They are lawmakers whose slogan is always "You are obliged to do such and such and not that "We are obliged to do such and such,' and This is ours not yours, we have all the rights and you have all the obligations." Thus, in most cases the rulers do not feel what their people are suffering because they never descend from their high ivory towers to share in their interests and feelings. It was said that the wife of the king of France, Louis XIV, looked down at the demonstrating masses from the Palace of Versailles and asked about the reason behind their coming out. She was told that it was because of their hunger! (Due to a lack of bread). She said, "Feed them cake!"
 If the ruler or one of his deputies took from the Muslims’ treasury what he had no right to take, and then he gave from it in charity, or built a mosque, or did anything else for the benefit of Muslims, Ibn 'Umar regarded such person as an extortionist, even if he gave all that he had taken in charity. Such a judgment was given on 'Abd-Allah bin 'Amir, the ruler of Basra, when the people gathered around him while he was dying, praising him, and mentioning his righteousness and piety, Ibn 'Umar was silent. He was asked to say something, so he related the saying that says, "Allah does not accept charity out of ill-gotten gains." Then Ibn 'Umar said to him, 'You were the governor of Basra."
Economic lessons:
The verse, which means, "Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with." (Al-Baqarah, 2: 1 72) indicates that one should eat moderately from the lawful things without excessiveness or miserliness. Such excessiveness is that which we now see during the mealtimes in Ramadan, especially at the tables of the elite and the upper class, who spend much on their decoration and appoint the best of chiefs to prepare different food. All of these extravagances are wasted. At the same time, surrounding the spoiled rulers, there are oppressed starving people, and none among the influential or religious scholars dare to remind the rulers of the verses of the All-Knower and the All-Aware, specifically the verses, which means, "and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, (Al-A'raf, 7: 31); and which means, And those, who, when they spend are neither extravagant nor miserly, but take a middle (way) between those (extremes)." (Al-Furqan, 25: 67); and which means, verily, squanderers are brothers of the devils." (Al-Isra’,17: 27)
Such people always use the following verse as an excuse, which means, "Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with.- (Al-­Baqarah, 2: 172)
The enormous economic catastrophes from which we suffer are all part of our enemies' plan, which is executed by our leaders and which aims at holding this Muslim nation hostage for its daily bread.
Medical Lessons:
This means, "Eat of the all kinds of legal foods which Allah has made legal (meat of slaughtered edible animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.) (Al-Mu’minun, 23: 51)
a. What is important in eating is not the quantity, as many people think, but rather the quality. Healthy food that contains proteins and vitamins is enough to provide the body with its strength and vigor. Eating excessively causes many dangerous diseases, with obesity being the main medical problem of our modern age. The starches and fats that do not convert into calories are stored and are turned into tens of kilograms of fat. An obese person is unable to work or even move and his heart becomes strained. Medical and health research has failed to solve this great problem, which has now become an obsession, especially for many girls. But if they would all only seek medical advice from this honorable verse, which means, "Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with." (Al-Baqarah, 2: 172) and also in the Prophetic traditions related to this subject, they would be secure from the dangers that they have indulged in and from what they are afraid of.
Al-Miqdam bin M’ad Ykarib (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, 'I heard the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, No human being has ever filled a container more evil than his belly. It is enough for the son of Adam (i.e. any human being) to have few morsels to keep him strong. If he cannot do but (eat more than) this, he should make a third (of his stomach) for food, a third for drink, and a third for breathing.'" Abu-Juhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, I once ate food made of bread and meat, then I went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and I kept belching. Whereupon he (the Prophet, peace be upon him) said, '0 you! Spare us your belching, for verily, the most satiated people in this life are the hungriest of them on the (Day of Resurrection.'" It was narrated that 'A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, The first affliction that happened to this nation after its Prophet (i.e. after his death) was satiety; for verily when people filled their stomachs, their bodies became fat, their hearts weakened, and their whims went to extremes.'"
b- "And his nourishment is unlawful."
The unlawful is of two kinds, the inherently unlawful and the incidentally unlawful, the latter being what is illegally taken as in theft, usurped properly, bribery, and the like. In other words, it is whatever leads to an inherently unlawful matter. We return to the inherently unlawful and say that the purpose behind its prohibition by the jurists is its inherent harm; like for example eating dead animals, drinking alcohol, and many other matters that are related to preserving the five necessities, i.e. the body, the lineage, the property, the intellect, and the religion. Most of the unlawful foods, if not all of them, contain toxins or dangerous microbes that cause a disturbance in the body or damage to one of its systems, and they also cause many lethal diseases which battle the physicians.
Hadith in Practice
-      Verily! Allah is good and therefore accepts only that which is good.- As for what some ignorant and misled people practice of heresies and superstitions which have no authority from Allah, they cannot be called acts of goodness. Any word or deed that contradicts the honorable tradition of the Prophet (peace be upon him) cannot be called an act of goodness.
-      In spite of the lofty status of the prophets and the messengers and the dignified position that they occupy in the Sight Allah, they were ordered to follow the same commands as their followers. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to perform the five obligatory prayers just as we do and fast the month of Ramadan just as we do.
-      We are afflicted in the present time with the spread of usury (interest) in numerous ways. For example, there is the usurious interest given by banks in the Arab and Islamic countries, which not many Muslims feel any harm in accepting. Some of them may philosophize and spend it on building mosques, schools, and different charitable projects. We say to such people, "Verily, Allah is Good and He therefore, accepts only that which is good. Another aspect of usury nowadays is the loans given to farmers, workers, and craftsmen that are to be repaid by many times their worth. These are also of the unlawful money for which the repeated performance of pilgrimage or successive prayers can never atone.


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